With the world still struggling to contain coronavirus that has held responsible for taking a large number of lives across the globe. A new virus has stated to be spread in the Yunnan province of China. A total of 32 people are tested positive of HantaVirus that was stated to be traveling on the same bus as per the tweet by China’s Global Times.
What Is Hantavirus?
It is a Rodent(like mice, rats) causing viruses that the rodents shed through their excreta i.e., urine and feces or saliva. Humans acquire these viruses via inhalation or coming in contact with an infected person. Hantaviruses are a family of viruses which includes more than 21 species spread by rodents and is capable of causing varied disease in people.
The hantavirus is discovered to cause two specific syndromes a) Hemorrhagic Fever Renal Syndrome(HFRS). b) Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome(HPS)
1. HFRS– It is acquired by humans when he/she is exposed to rodent droppings, feces, urine. The severe stage in such a case can cause renal failure and the patient can pass blood and protein in the urine.
2. HPS– It is also acquired in the same way where humans inhale the virus that comes from rodent excreta. The severe stage in such syndrome can cause respiratory failure.
Is Hantavirus Deadly?
To most people it is a new virus but it is no such case. In 1993, a mysterious respiratory outbreak occurred in the USA. Later researches reported that it is due to a virus whose strains were found in the deer mice. Hantavirus is one thing you don’t need to worry about because its transmission from person to person is very rare and that’s why the probability of a large scale outbreak is quite remote.
Symptoms Of Hantavirus
Hantavirus is known to cause two types of syndrome Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome and Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. The symptoms of these syndromes are similar except for one or two.
Hemorrhagic fever with the renal syndrome has a fever, headache, backache, rashes, low blood pressure as its initial symptoms and in the later stage it progresses to renal failure.
On the other hand, the symptoms of Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome include fever, muscle pain or myalgia, low blood pressure, cough, shortness of breath, headache, rarely gastrointestinal problems. In later stages the patient can develop pulmonary edema that can cause respiratory distress.
Hantavirus is a rare respiratory disease that can be fatal with the deer mouse as a common carrier. The precautions in such case are plugging the openings from where the mouse is getting in and be careful about the following while handling the rodents droppings, urine, saliva, etc
1. Do not vacuum or sweep rodent droppings instead use the wet cleanup method.
2. While cleaning the droppings use bleached water, mask, gloves.
3. Avoid any type of contact with the wild rodents.
4. Staying away from regions where you might inhale contaminated dust from rodents.
5. Open the door and windows before cleaning the rodent droppings so that you can get good air circulation.
6. Make sure you wash your hands after cleaning the droppings before touching anything.