Novel Coronavirus and Sexually Transmitted Disease | Can It Be Transmitted Sexually

With whole world under lockdown a question is haunting most of the couples. It is Whether it is safe to do SEX amid outbreak of novel coronavirus.
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With no antidote, vaccine to contain the outbreak of novel coronavirus. Every affected country is trying every possible try to break the chain of the virus. The novel coronavirus is very very contagious. It has different ways of transmission which include sneeze, feces, eyes, and physical contact with the one infected. The virus has already held responsible for 414179 confirmed cases and 18440 deaths globally with the numbers increasing rapidly.

The outbreak has been declared as a pandemic by WHO and has declared it very risky at the global level in its RISK ASSESSMENT. As a result of which many countries across the globe have declared lockdown and ordered the citizens to quarantine themselves. So that the virus doesn’t spread anymore.

Can Coronavirus Be Transmitted Sexually?

As now we are in the period of evolution with no specific drug for the treatment of coronavirus. We are coming across the new information about the new novel coronavirus day by day. The reports from scientists and researchers suggest to us all the possible precautions one must take care of to break the spread of coronavirus.

With most of the countries under lockdown, a question is haunting most of the couples. It is  Whether it is safe for them to indulge in sexual activities.

Researchers, professors, and doctors have a different say on it but the final answer comes to the same conclusion. They say as the virus is new the transmission dynamics are not known and taking precautions will tend to contain the virus. In addition to it, they added that married couples stay together under the same roof and they are well versed with the well being of their partners. So it is safe for them to do such activities unless no one of them is infected by a novel coronavirus.

On the other hand, when you are staying away and then indulging in sexual activity with someone who is completely stranger to you is risky. Because the process of sex includes the exchange of secretions through which the virus can be transmitted. So it is important to discourage any contact with the person unknown to you.

How Symptoms Of Coronavirus Differ From Flu And Allergies?

The novel coronavirus causing COVID-19 is a new virus more like the common cold, flu’s, and allergies. COVID-19, Flu, colds are all because of viral stuff. Thus there symptoms are mirror images of each other with a very slight difference. In terms of differentiating COVID-19 From Flu and cold it is like handpicking two homogenous materials. Due to which people are confusing common cold, seasonal allergies with COVID-19 creating a panicking situation. However, in spite of the overlap COVID-19 has more similar symptoms similar to flu than the common cold.

SYMPTOMS

COVID-19

FLU

COLD
ALLERGIES
Shortness Of Breath

Yes

No

No

Rare

Fever

Yes (High)

Yes (Mild)

Yes (Often Severe)

No

Cough

Yes (Dry Cough)

Yes (Mild)

Yes (Mild)

Rare

Fatique
Weakness

Yes

Quite Mild

Quite Mild

Quite Mild

Yes 

Rare

Rare

Rare

Rare (Initial Stage)

No

No

No

Rare (initial Stage)

No

No

Rare

Sneezing 

No

Rare

Rare

Yes

Body Ache

Yes

Yes (often Severe)

Rare

Rare

Rare (Initial Stage)

No

No

No

Runny Nose

Rare

Yes

Yes

Yes

Some symptoms require urgent attention like shortness of breath, high fever, dry cough, body ache, weakness. On experiencing the above symptoms one must visit the health center ASAP.

Development Of Vaccine Against COVID-19

COVID-19 is caused by a Coronavirus which is a new virus. The 1st strain of the virus was reported in Wuhan back in December starting or November ending.  Back then the virus has proven to be highly contagious and held responsible for taking many lives. Making the coronavirus outbreak the most life-threatening until now. Within 4-5 months coronavirus has made many countries suffer claiming thousands of lives.

As the number of cases is increasing exponentially with over 2 lakh cases being reported daily, the end of the pandemic is nowhere near. Teams of scientists around the world are racing to develop a vaccine to put a full stop to the Covid-19 pandemic.

The excitement of a vaccine has reached to highest flashpoint as every small and big nation is terrified due to its detrimental impact. With the world in desperate need of a vaccine, several countries are trying every bit possible to make it happen.

In the ongoing thrive, Russia has claimed to finish the human trails of the Covid-19 vaccine. Chief researcher Elena Smolyarchuk, who heads the Center for Clinical Research on Medications at Sechenov University, told Russian news agency TASS that the human trials for the vaccine have been completed at the university and they will be discharged soon. Though after the claim, doubts surround Russia’s coronavirus vaccine Sputnik V. Despite the criticism from health officials Russia announced that it has already produced the 1st batch of its vaccine.

The University of Oxford has developed a vaccine ‘chAdOx1 nCoV-19’. The vaccine uses a weakened strain of the common cold virus and is combined with the genetic material of the SARS-CoV-2. The vaccine is currently in phase 3 of its trails conducted across the UK, US, Brazi, and South Africa. Trails are expected to be conducted in India in partnership with the Serum Institute of India by August end. It is considered to be launched for the public in 2020 will be most likely available for public deployment by 2021, as per the reports.

In the US, the Massachusetts- based biotech company Moderna has developed as an RNA based vaccine in collaboration with the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Institute Disease. Moderna was the 1st to conduct human testing of its vaccine. The results of Phase I and phase II clinical trials show that the vaccine is safe and provoked immune responses. The Volunteers who got two doses of vaccine had high levels of virus-killing antibodies that exceeded the average levels seen in people who had recovered from COVID-19. Phase III has been conducted from 27 July with the results awaits now. Moderna said that the company is on track to deliver about 500 million doses per year, and possibly up to 1 billion doses per year, starting in 2021.

Sinovac Biotech, a Chinese Biopharmaceutical company, claimed to successfully test the potential vaccine dubbed as PiCoVacc on monkeys. Phase and II of clinical trials held in Indonesia reveals the vaccine is appeared to be safe and induced detectable antibody-based immune responses in subjects. The candidate vaccine, known as CoronaVac, is among a few potential vaccines that have entered late-stage trails. And is currently undergoing a late-stage trial in brazil.

In India, currently, there are 3 different vaccines tested at different stages. Phase I and phase II of tow of them, developed indigenously by Bharat biotech, in collaboration with the Indian Council Of Medical Research(ICMR) and Zydus Cadia Ltd.

Serum Institute Of India has been permitted for conducting Phase I and phase II human trials of the third vaccine candidate developed by Oxford University.

Conclusion

So the whole issue is that stay away from people you don’t know. Because you are unaware whether they are infected or not and precautionary measures have to start from yourself. Taking good care of yourself and maintaining social distance will stop you from getting infected. Stay safe…

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