Dengue is a dreadful flu-like-illness that infects infants, adults, young children, with the sudden arrival of the following symptoms after the incubation of virus which may last up to 10 days. About 390 million dengue infections occur across the world each year, mainly found in the tropical and subtropical climates like in Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, Mexico, Africa, The Pacific Islands. At present, people of over 128 countries are at threat for developing Dengue.
WHAT IS DENGUE?
Dengue which is also pronounced as Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral infection which results in painful fever. It is caused by four different types of viruses namely DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3, DENV-4 (where DENV stands for dengue virus).
Dengue virus is transmitted by a female mosquito of species Aedes, Aegypti and Ae albopictus. The female mosquito prefers to bite during daytime in sunlight hours. And with the addition to dengue are also responsible for spreading Yellow fever, West Nile infection, Chikungunya and Zika infection. Severe dengue was 1st recognized during the 1950s in the Philippines and Thailand. Dengue, when not identified in early stages, can be a lethal complication.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF DENGUE?
- High fever
- A severe headache
- Joints and muscle pain
- Pain in the lower back region
- Feeling cold
- Hand eczema (rashes on hand)
- In severe condition, bleeding may occur ( Hemorrhaging)
If proper care not taken severe problem can occur, which may include a condition called Hemorrhagic. It is characterized by high fever, bleeding from gums and nose, damage to lymph, complications in the circulatory system and increase in the size of the Liver. People with the weak immune system are at a great venture to develop Hemorrhagic fever.
HOW IS DENGUE DIAGNOSED?
Doctors when observing the above-given symptoms they suggest a blood test i.e., COMPLETE BLOOD COUNT (CBC) to examine your blood platelets count whose normal range is 1.5 to 4.5 lakh per microliter of blood. If the doctors observe a fall in blood platelets count while examining the reports they confirm dengue infection.
STAGES OF DENGUE INFECTION
According to researchers, dengue infection follows a certain pattern in the patient which is classified into three stages.
It includes sudden onset of fever, headache, vomitings and body pain. In this stage, there is no fall in the platelets count.
In the 2nd stage, there is a rapid fall in the blood platelets count and due to this skin rash appears. Intensive care must be taken in this stage of the patient.
After proper care and treatment, the patient starts recovering in this stage. The blood platelets count starts increasing in number, with the patient may having a slight fever and all the symptoms gone at the end.
There is no specific treatment for dengue infection. Doctors generally give pain relievers like ACETAMINOPHEN and antigen tablets. When the dengue sufferer is hospitalized the doctors make efforts to maintain the fluid level in the body by applying saline bottles and suggesting you take plenty of fluids. To keep a continuous check on blood platelets count, CBC test is done once a day and blood pressure is checked twice a day. In case of severe dengue, plasma i.e., a fluid matrix of blood is externally applied to the patient.
In December 2015, the 1st dengue vaccine DENGVAZXIA was developed by Sanofi Pasteur. The WHO has restricted its use to endemic areas. Recent analysis has shown that vaccinated people are at higher risk for developing severe dengue than unvaccinated people.
Even a single Aedes mosquito bite can cause dengue infection, which generally prefers bitting during day time. Thus it is important to protect yourself and avoid transmission of dengue virus.
1) Make efforts to keep the mosquito population down.
2) Cleaning of domestic water storage tanks or any container on a weekly or monthly basis.
3) Spraying insecticides during outbreaks to control the population of mosquito.
4) Disposing of solid waste on a regular basis.
5) Always cover the water containers preventing mosquitoes from laying eggs in it.
BEST FOODS FOR A DENGUE PATIENT/ HOME REMEDIES
1) Fruits like KIWI, PAPAYA, POMEGRANATE helps you recover quickly from dengue.
2) Juice of Papaya leaves is the best option.
3) Milk of Goat is quietly effective.
4) Fluids like coconut water juices and etc.
5) Broccoli helps to generate blood platelets as it is a source of VITAMIN K.
WHY DENGUE A ALL-SEASON THREAT?
Dengue which is transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes is usually associated with the rainy season and they breed only in clean water. The man-made crisis caused by large-scale construction activity and improper keep of tanks is the main reason for dengue in dry months at the present time. Keeping your surroundings clean, cleaning of water containers and covering them with lid, proper disposal of waste would help to tackle the problem by community participation.