Transient Global Amnesia is a neurologic disorder and was 1st described in 1956. Though Transient Global Amnesia is well discussed from the last 30-40 years still no recognized treatment is present till date. In this article, we will discuss some classical conditions, mainly focusing on the problems, diagnosis and recent developments.
What Is Transient Global Amnesia?
Transient Global Amnesia is a neurological disorder and an intriguing clinical entity. It is characterized by a sudden temporary loss of memory with no prior indications. It is also characterized by the inability to form new memories. Though the patient may recall the last few moments. It strikes to about 10% of 500000 population per year to the people belonging to the middle or older age group.
In this event, the patient forgets all the memories and remains clueless when questioned about any recent episode related to his life. During the Transient global amnesia circumstance, the patient keeps on repeating the same questions asked and it appears that the sufferer has lost his mental ability to recollect things. And it may also be a condition when the patients keep on giving the same answer to different questions. Though the patient remains alert and attentive but looks very confused and disoriented to time and place. It proves to be quiet a traumatic event for the family as well as the patient.
Many doctors who till not have encountered TGA or are not familiar with it might mislead the diagnosis. Transient Global Amnesia may last for 8-10hrs and after a long relaxed sleep the effect fades and the sufferer comes to a stable mental condition and now the patient regains all his memory.
What Causes Transient Global Amnesia?
From the last 30-40 years though TGA is a red hot topic on the table for discussion still no evident reason and treatment are available for it. According to Homeopathy, Transient global amnesia occurs because of mental disturbances and the reason may vary from person to person. One of the reasons being gene sensitivity.
About 20% of the world population is believed to be highly sensitive. Such people have more vivid perceptions of both positive and negative stimuli. In some individuals, the gene controlling emotional feelings remain recessive but something very powerful or unwanted experience influences the gene variation and neurotransmitter norepinephrine. The neurotransmitter is linked to activities of the brain that triggers more intense emotional responses and sensitivity.
You will be amazed to know that there are no prior indications felt by the sufferers. Though some of them have experienced the symptoms which may vary from person to person. The Symptoms maybe
- According to the observer that witnessed the attack, the sufferer behaves very strangely and looks quite confused.
- The sufferer avoids questions and keeps on repeating the same things as I am not able to remember anything.
- The subject may suffer from unbearable headache.
- Weakness, dizziness, confusion is common.
- The subject may experience unbearable pain in upper body parts.
Behavioral Changes In The Patient
The observer may experience behavioral changes in the sufferer during the attack. These changes may include short-tempered, crankiness, and the patient may suffer from panic attacks. The patient may himself keep on uttering words i.e., he/she may try to recall things on their own. The victim may keep on repeating the same things like his/her own name, name of their friends, etc. The Sufferer may also deny remembering you (observer). Thus the observer may keep his cool and calmly stay beside the sufferer.
Role Of The Observer
It may be quite traumatic to experience such a situation because you as an observer might see someone close acting quite weird and also may deny to remember you. In such situations, the 1st thing you must avoid is laughing. People generally do not understand the seriousness of the situation and without knowing the epitome of matter starts bullying around the sufferer. Such behavior proves to be disheartening for the sufferer and he/she may mentally lose confidence.
During such conditions, the observer must try to make the patient comfortable. The observer must try to release tensions by distracting the patient and try to reach out for the doctor as soon as possible. He/she may try to continuously interact with the victim so that the sufferer must not panic. As an observer, you must firmly stand with the patient giving him emotional and mental support.
There is no well-defined treatment for transient global Amnesia and thus the behavior of the people around proves to be vital in healing the sufferer.
When To See A Doctor
Being the Sufferer you will be not in a condition of visiting a doctor by yourself, thus the people around you must take the responsibility of taking you to a doctor. As fast as you reach a doctor the more it is good for you.
What Must Be Done By A Sufferer
Most of the people in such conditions are not comfortable sharing their problem with anyone. Thus creating a more threatening situation for themselves. As a sufferer, you must inform your closest one whenever you are facing the symptoms or experiencing indications similar to the past attack.
In situations when you are alone you must write down some important information so that it may later help you to reach a safe place.
There is no open and shut treatment for global transient amnesia. Its attack fades on its own but the attacks can be frequent with time. Thus proper care must be taken which includes proper sleep, stress-free life, some of us has the tendency to think over a matter for a very long time which may cause attacks and thus needs to be avoided.
The people around the sufferer also plays an important role in healing the sufferer. They must keep calm and keep supporting the sufferer without freaking out at his/her behavior.
On discussing the matter with one of the patients named Mr. X suffering from Transient Global Amnesia I came to know some of the facts which are worth sharing. On one of a decent night, Mr. X was busy with his daily office work sitting in his room. Suddenly Mr. X started suffering a severe ache near his left eyebrow. He avoided it and concentrated on his work. With the pain increasing he realized that he cannot remember the spellings he has to write and was not able to read from his file. On informing his family, they started trying various ways of analyzing the situation in which Mr. X was going through. On asking the names of his family members, friends, recent events, address of his place he seemed quite confused and was not able to answer these general questions. Then after the disturbing experience, Mr. X was advised to take a long sleep.
The next day though Mr. X was fine and remembered everything still without wasting any further time Mr. X was taken to a psychiatrist where he was declared fit after a long session. Still not satisfied with the reports Mr. X visited a doctor where he was given medications for ache. After 2-3 months of this episode, Mr. X met with an accident where was not seriously injured but he encountered with the 2nd attack of TGA. Thinking that it might be because of the accident he avoided it and this he never discussed with his family.
Two months later while he was on site sitting in a cabin enjoying singing songs in his spare time. He started fumbling the lyrics of the song which is quite usual. Later he forgot the name of his regular colleague which made him doubtful of the 3rd attack. With the onset of a severe headache, his doubt turned into belief to which he reacted quickly asking his colleague to take him to the restroom. On his way to the room, he was in tears because of the unbearable headache. Mr. X was also not able to remember the worker’s name which he has been working for years. After reaching restroom Mr. X thought of washing his face and hands but the pain was soo unbearable and as he was not able to distinguish things he ended up washing his face with toothpaste. Mr. X then slept and after getting up he cleared all the mess he had made.
After discussing the horrifying incident with his family he then turned to a neurologist where he was asked to do the various test including CT scan. The reports were all normal indicating there is no such problem of concern. But knowing the severeness of headache and frequency of attacks Mr. X decided to visit different doctors but he got the same results.
Treatable – But Takes Time
Finally, on a piece of advice, Mr. X visited an Homeopathician where he was satisfied with the treatment. The treatment included a lengthy case taking.
What is case taking?
Case taking is a unique way of getting into a conversation, observation and collecting information from the patient as well as from bystanders to define the patient as a person and the disease.
Purpose of case taking 1) To know the problem of the patient.
2) To know the extent of the illness.
3) To find out the totality of symptoms for the selection of homeopathic remedy.
4) To find out the nature of the disease.
5) To find out the root cause off disease.
6) To analyze the symptoms.
7) To keep systematic records of the case for guidance, treatment, future, reference, and defense.
Steps In case Taking 1) Stage of observation.
2) Stage of listening to the complaints.
3 ) Stage of interrogation and cross-examination.
4) Stage of clinical examination.
5) Laboratory investigations.
6)Stages of diagnosis.
Result & Conclusion
Mr. X was informed by the Homeopathician that the demise of his mother when he was quite young is the reason for the attacks of TGA. Further explained as Mr. X was saddened to the very deep on losing his mother and as he grew up he just wanted to omit that incident. Mr. X never wanted to recollect those memories which resulted in gene sensitivity that lead to transient global amnesia. Mr. X was then given medications to which his body is responding well and he himself is feeling the changes within.